What are Comedones – Blackheads and Whiteheads
Comedones are the blackheads or whiteheads that appear along with acne. These comedones could include pus, which would make them uncomfortable, painful, and itchy. Typically, comedones appear during puberty.
The majority of individuals do blackhead and whitehead removal at home, which involves using a tool or your fingers to squeeze the skin to remove debris that is obstructing a pore. If done incorrectly, this can injure the skin as well as cleanse it. To prevent scarring, you should haveyour blackhead and whitehead extractions done only by a specialist.
Skin that is prone to acne is more likely to develop comedones, albeit their hue will vary depending on surface pigment (melanin), not dirt. The most frequently affected locations are the forehead and chin, while the neck, chest, and back are also frequently impacted. Comedones include acids, bacteria, and other toxic substances that, if not treated, can cause dead skin cells and scarring.Types of Comedones are
- Open Comedones (Blackheads)
- Closed Comedones (Whiteheads)
How Comedonestreatments works?
Comedones Extraction: To prevent infection, our cosmetologist will clean the afflicted skin region before beginning the procedure. A tiny extractor instrument in the shape of a pen is used for the procedure. When treating open comedones, the instrument is positioned in the centre and the inflammatory material is removed by applying strong downward pressure. To extract the pus from closed comedones, the top is first punctured with a series needle. Unwarranted force might cause irritation and scarring. After the pus has been removed, a steroid injection is administered to limit additional inflammation, and the treated region is bandaged for 24 hours.
Chemical Peels: Chemical peels exfoliate the skin to make it easier for dead skin cells to shed and prevent pore blockages from being caused by excess oil (comedones). Peels with AHA or BHA are most frequently used.
Photodynamic Therapy:A topical photosensitizer solution is used in photodynamic therapy to stimulate the production of porphyrins, which are aberrant cells that absorb light. After that, the skin is activated by a medical light source (blue light, red light, or powerful pulsed light, depending on the doctor’s preference). This makes it possible for the light source to focus on the aberrant cells that are causing acne.