Open Pores: Cause, Treatment & Prevention

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Open pores are one of the major skin issues that are caused due to numerous reasons. Mostly, open pores are the result of excessive sebum production, sun damage, and ageing. Also, dirt buildup and improper practice of skincare routines. Genetics also contribute to open pores in some cases.  Open pores are usually found on the nose, forehead, and cheeks. It will start appearing prominently as you start ageing. You can prevent open pores by cleaning and exfoliating your skin. Avoiding frequent exposure to sunlight is also essential to reduce the appearance of large open pores. 

If you notice open pores appear larger and lead to the formation of blackheads, whiteheads, and acne over time, then it is high time to get treated. At Cosmique, we have expert skincare specialists who offer advanced treatment solutions for treating open pores in our clinic.

However, you need to know about the open pores skin issue in detail before opting for a treatment. So, in the blog post, we will discuss the causes of open pores as well as their treatment and prevention.

What are Open Pores?

Open pores are enlarged skin pores that get highly noticeable with time. The skin pores let the skin breathe by removing sebum from the surface. However, when the T-zones of your face have high-density areas of oil glands, it will lead to enlarged skin pores. Further, it will start showing a negative impact on your skin’s surface, which will soon turn out to be a cosmetic problem. It is a common skin issue for people with combination skin or an oily skin type.This skin problem also affects teenagers who are dealing with hormonal changes and adults with both hormonal imbalance and skin ageing. You need to find out the root cause of it once you notice enlarged pores on your skin. Knowing the cause will help you discover the preventive measures and treatments to minimise their appearance.

Major Causes Behind Large Open Pores

Here is the list of major causes behind the large open pores; 

Excessive Sebum Production – When you notice excessive sebum production, it will lead to open pores. This happens in the case of oily and combination skin types. 

Increased Volume of Hair Follicle – The hair follicles are tubular in structure. Follicles that are viscous have larger follicular space that leads to skin pores formation. It will open to allow the flow of sebum or natural oil, which will enlarge it.

Heredity Factor – Large open pores are also caused due to genetic inclination and ethnicity.

Chronic Acne Formation – If you suffer from chronic acne due to sensitive or acne-prone skin, it will lead to skin clogs and result in blackheads and whiteheads. Moreover, acne inflammation will weaken your sebum glands, leading to follicular openings. This will further enlarge the pores.

Nutritional Deficiency and Acute Skin Conditions – Deficiency in vitamin A can cause large skin pores and acute skin issues such as chronic radiodermatitis also enlarge the pores.

Ageing And Sun Damage – Skin ageing and regular exposure to the sun will show a negative effect on elastin threads and collagen production in the skin. It will reduce the skin’s elasticity. This will make the pores appear crater-like.

Hormonal Changes: One of the open pore causes is hormonal changes. The hyperactivity of sebum glands due to hormonal fluctuations will result in excessive sebum production, which will cause large open pores.

Our experts will find the exact cause of your open pores and advise you on the right prevention measures, along with our proven treatment methodologies at Cosmique. 

Common Treatments Of Open Pores

You will find various effective treatments available for treating open pores that will reduce their visible appearance. Each of the treatment procedures has its mechanism and approach. Let’s discuss the treatments in detail;

Chemical Peeling

  • Chemical peeling is a special solution that removes damaged outer skin layers.  
  • Glycolic acid, salicylic, lactic, or retinoic acid is used for peeling. 
  • It will unclog pores and remove excessive oil and bacteria accumulation. Moreover, the treatment will act as a deep exfoliation method.

Laser Resurfacing 

  • It is a skin rejuvenation treatment procedure. Laser improves the appearance of your skin by treating the open pores. 
  • Ablative laser treatments like CO2 laser will eradicate the outer layers that are damaged and tighten the open pores. 
  • This treatment also stimulates collagen regeneration. Non-ablative fractional lasers are recommended for heating tissue behind the pores, which remodels the collagen.


  • Microneedling is another effective treatment for treating skin imperfections. 
  • This is also a skin rejuvenation procedure that will improve the production of elastin and collagen. 
  • This treatment will improve the texture and laxity of your skin. It is the best skin treatment for reducing enlarged pores.

Also Read: 7 Surprising Microneedling Benefits for Your Skin

Ways To Prevent Large Skin Pores

If you want to prevent enlargement of pores, you need to follow the right skincare regime and habits. This is as essential as the treatment process. Here are the tips to prevent skin pores;

  • Practise Gentle Cleansing – Use mild cleansers that contain glycolic or salicylic acid. Using it twice every day is enough. Gentle massage is recommended while using a cleanser. 
  • Exfoliate Your Skin Regularly – Add a chemical exfoliant to your skincare routine, such as lactic acid or glycolic acid toner and use it only two times weekly. Exfoliant can also be replaced with enzyme peeling, which will greatly remove dead cells and debris from the pore openings. 
  • Use Oil-Free Products – You need to pick up gel-based or oil-free skin care products that are non-comedogenic. When you have clogged pores, do not apply heavy moisturisers, creams, or foundation. So, make sure not to include thick creams in your skincare routine.
  • Use Sunscreen With Good SPF Content – UV rays can destroy collagen and make your pores loose. So, when you are stepping out, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that has at least SPF 30 content. Always avoid direct sun exposure.

This is your comprehensive guide about the causes of open pores, treatment, and prevention. Practising the right skin care practices to prevent open pores is advised. Visit our clinic to get the most effective and safer treatment for open pores if it is a cosmetic concern. 


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